If intestinal or bowel tissue die due to some type of intestinal obstruction caused by a femoral hernia, strangulation occurs. This is considered an emergency situation that requires immediate treatment. Otherwise, the only treatment recommended may be periodic observation during routine physical exams if there are no significant symptoms experienced.
With moderate to large hernias in the femoral canal area, surgery is usually the recommended treatment. Open or laparoscopic may be performed to return the protruding tissue to its normal position and sew the hole up. If the tear is large, mesh may be placed over the affected area to close the hole.
Laparoscopic surgery is becoming an increasingly common surgical option for surgical hernia repair. During the procedure, only three or four keyhole-sized incisions are needed to correct damage from a femoral hernia instead of one larger one. Patients considered good candidates for hernia surgery performed this way often benefit from:
- Minimal scarring
- Less blood loss and post-surgical pain
- A shorter healing and recovery time
Generally, the only time a femoral hernia is considered serious or potentially life-threatening is if strangulation occurs. If surgery is necessary, patients usually fully recovery after about six weeks. The risk of developing this type of hernia may be reduced by maintaining a healthy weight and eating foods rich in fiber to minimize issues with staining while making bowel movements. Avoiding heavy lifting or exertion, especially anything involving repetitious movements, can also be helpful.